GST History

GST Origins and Development in India


In 1954, France was the first nation to implement the Goods and Services Tax; since then, an estimated 160 nations have adopted this tax system in some form. Canada, Vietnam, Australia, Singapore, the United Kingdom, Monaco, Spain, Italy, Nigeria, Brazil, South Korea, and India are among the countries with a GST.

India has implemented the Goods and Services Tax (GST) under the principle of “One Nation One Tax.” In 2017, India implemented the GST structure, which was the most significant change to the country’s tax structure in decades. With a unified GST platform, India has merged central taxes (sales tax and excise duty tax excluding petroleum and alcoholic products and service tax) and state-level taxes (VAT excluding petroleum and alcoholic products, entry tax, transfer tax, and luxury tax) into a single tax.

The primary objective of implementing the GST was to eliminate tax on tax, or double taxation, which cascades from the level of production to the level of consumption. The goods and services tax (GST) is value-added tax imposed on the majority of domestically sold goods and services. Consumers pay the Goods and Services Tax, but businesses remit it to the government.

For instance, a manufacturer of notebooks pays Rs. 10 for the raw materials, which includes a 10 percent tax. This means they pay 1 rupee in tax for every 9 rupees worth of materials. In the process of making the notebook, the manufacturer adds Rs. 5 to the value of the raw materials, bringing the total to Rs. 10 + Rs. 5 = Rs. 15. The 10% tax on the finished product will amount to Rs. 1.50. Under a GST system, the prior tax paid can be applied to this additional tax, resulting in an effective tax rate of Rs. 1.50 – Rs. 1.00 = Rs. 0.50.

The wholesaler then purchases the notebook for Rs. 15 and resells it to the retailer for Rs. 17.50, a markup of Rs. The 10 percent tax on the product’s gross value is Rs. 1.75, which the wholesaler can apply against the tax on the manufacturer’s original cost price (i.e., Rs. 15). Therefore, the effective tax rate for the wholesaler will be Rs 1.75 – Rs 1.50 = Rs 0.25.

Similarly, if the retailer’s margin is Rs. 1.50, his effective tax rate will be Rs. 0.15 (10 percent times Rs. Rs. 1 + Rs. 0.50 + Rs. 0.25 + Rs. 0.15 = Rs. 1.90 is the total tax that cascades from manufacturer to retailer.

Since implementing the GST on 1 July 2017, India has implemented the following tax rates:

However, the GST Council may alter these rates from time to time.

As a result, the implementation of the GST system in India is a measure used to reduce inflation over the long term, as prices for goods will decrease.

GST Evolution:

Listed below are the steps required to change a company’s name:

Constitutional Amendment

 Approved by the Government of India on September 8, 2016

The Constitution (122nd Amendment) Bill 2014 was introduced in the Lok Sabha on 19 December 2014 and passed in May 2015. On 14 May 2015, the Bill was discussed in Rajya Sabha and referred to the Joint Committee of Rajya Sabha and Lok Sabha. On July 22, 2015, the Select Committee submitted its report. On August 1, 2016, the Constitutional Amendment Bill was introduced based on political consensus. The Rajya Sabha passed the bill on 3 August 2016 and the Lok Sabha passed it on 8 August 2016. On 8 September 2016, the Constitution (101st Amendment) Act 2016 was promulgated following ratification by the required number of state legislatures and Presidential approval.

Central Bills

Introduced by the Government of India in 2017

On March 29, 2017, the Lok Sabha passed the Central Goods and Services Tax Bill 2017 (The CGST Bill), the Union Territory Goods and Services Tax Bill 2017 (The UTGST Bill), Goods and Services Tax (Compensation to the States) Bill 2017 (The Compensation Bill), and Integrated Goods and Services Tax Bill 2017 (The IGST Bill). The Rajya Sabha approved these legislation on April 6, 2017, and on April 12, 2017, they were signed into law.

Introduce State Legislation

2017 Through State Governments

Different state legislatures have passed separate State Goods and Services Tax Bills. After the implementation of numerous GST laws.

The date of implementation of the GST

Through the Indian Government - 1st July 2017

Shree Narendra Modi, the Honorable Prime Minister of India, launched GST on 1 July 2017 in the presence of Sh.Pranab Mukherjee, the then President of India.

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